(1865-1941) - , . .. . , . (1901) - , . , 1920. : " " (1893), " (1901-1903), " " (1893-1906), " " (1906), " , . " (1908), " " (1910), " ( ) "(1916), " . " (1925), " . " (1930), " " (1932) . ( . 1914-1915 24 ). . " ". , ( "" ""), , , . ( , , ., ). , ., , , : , ; - ; - . " " ( " ") . , , - . " ", " " " ". ( ., - " " , " " " " ). ., "... - , - , - ...". , ( ) ( , ) , . (, ), . . , (" "), - ( ., , ) . , . . . "" - , . ..


. .


(.. , .. . )


( ) - . . 1866 . . . . 15 . ...