Ш (1874-1947)

Ш () (1874-1947), , , , , . . . . . . " ". 20- . . , - , . ("", 1897), ("", 1945). " ". 1924-28 . . 1934-35 , , . . ( " ", 1929, " ", 1936). ( 1954 ); - "" (1929-42; . . ). " ", 1921; : " ", 1924, " ", 1932, "", 1936, "-", - 1974, . (1992; ). * * * [27 (9 ) 1874, - 13 1947, , , , ], , , -. , -. . (1893-97) . . , . (1900-01). " ", 1910-18. - , , , , . 1899-1904 - , , , . ; , , . , , " " ( "", 1910). ["" (" "), 1897; " ", 1901; " ", 1902; "", 1906; - ] , , . (" ", 1912, , - ), ("-", 1916, ; " ", 1916, ). ( : " " . (1912, ), " " . (1912, ), " " . . (1913, . . ), " " . . (1914, ). - , " ", . - . (1911-14, " ", ), " " " " (1915-16) . - , ( ) (1914) " " (1921). ( . ) "" , , - , , , , , , . . , , , - . 1920 , . 1923 , . , - . 1925 " ", , . 1926-28 , . - , - 1929 ( - , " ") ( ), . "-" (1927), " " (1929) "" (1930). - . 1910-20- . -. , ( ) , , " ", " " " " ( "", 1918). , , "" , ( , ) - - - , - . , -. "", 1926 . ( ). - , . . , 1920-30- . - (" "), - , , . . " " (1931) " " (1933), " " (1924) " " (" ", 1933). , " " , , 1954. , - " " (1934-35) " " (1936-47). - . . . . - - . . . , , . . . . . 1924 -. ( 1992) . .: . ., 1974. . ., 1975.: . . . . // ". . . -". , 1968. 217. . 265-282. . ., 1993. .: . 1993 - .. .


Ш (1874-1947)

Ш (1874-1947). .